with sailing ships.- To haul the sails over to windward. In squared rigged vessels this is only done on special occasions, when it is called laying the sails aback.
Ropes stretched from a mast or top mast head to the sides of a vessel-some way aft of the mast- to give extra support to the mast against going forward.
A part of a river not reached by the current, where the water is stagnant.
To baffle with the wind is to contend against it, as when beating to windward in a very foul weather.
Bale, baler :
To bale or bale out is to remove water from an open boat by means of a baler, which may be any small vessel capable of holding water, such as hand bowl.
Any solid or liquid that is brought on board a vessel to increase the draft, change the trim, regulate the stability or to maintain stress loads within acceptable limits.
A long flat-bottomed boat for carrying freight, typically on canals and rivers, either under its own power or towed by another
A marine crustacean (class Cirripedia) with an external shell, which attaches itself permanently to a variety of surfaces
A dock in which vessels float at any state of the tide.
Heavy pieces of timber, such as piles before erection, etc. Brackets, in almost any position, holding two or more timbers together, or preventing them from slipping.
The margin of the land exposed to tidal action.
A landmark put up to steer by. A pole marking one a shoal or a channel.
The width of a vessel, at her widest part.
The fore-part of a rudder.
The word “bearing” properly belongs to the art of navigation, in which it signifies “the direction, or angular distance from the meridian, in which an object is seen.”
To be becalmed is to be left without a wind, and therefore, in a sailing ship, to be without power of moving.
A method of attaching a line to a small anchor.
To make fast a rope, by twisting it round a cleat, kevel or belaying pin, without tying it into a knot.
If a vessel should run aground towards high water, during the last of the spring, or big tides, she may possibly have to lie there until the following springtides float her off: in this condition she is said to be beneaped, because the neap tides are not high enough to float her.
Between decks, or tween decks :
In a vessel of more than one deck, to be between the upper and the lower.
The bilge is the lower part of a vessel, upon which she rests when aground.
Bill of an anchor :
The extremity of the fluke.
Bill of lading :
“A document, subscribed by the master of the ship, acknowledging the receipt of goods entrusted to him for transportation, and binding himself(under certain exception) to deliver them to the person to whom they are addressed, in good condition, for a certain remuneration or freightage. Of bills of lading there are usually triplicate copies: one for the party transmitting the goods, another for the person to whom the goods are addressed, and the third for the master.”
The “binnacle” is the stand provided for mounting the magnetic compass.
Spoken of an anchor when it holds the ground-it then bites.
Small posts or timber heads fixed through the deck of a vessel, either round masts or at the foot of the bowspirit. Any of the posts fixed in pairs on the deck of a ship, for fastening cables, belaying ropes, etc.
The instrument generally described on shore as a “pulley:” but this later term has little or no meaning among seafaring men, who invariably speak of a block. The block is the piece of wood which constitutes the main body of the machine.
A large vessel employed on coast duty for the protection of a specified port or area.
Boat- hook :
A useful implement in the form of a hook or spike at the end of a pole.
A short, thick post on the deck of a ship or on a wharf, to which a ship’s rope may be secured.
Booby hatch :
A raised covering over a small hatchway. Generally a small entry/ exit to a cargo hold.
The sides at the fore part of a vessel.
One of the large anchors of a ship which hold her by the bows.
A loop in a rope, tied in a peculiar manner and mostly used to through over a post.
Referred of water in a river when half salt and half fresh.
An artificial bank or wall, of any material, set up either outside a harbor or along a coast to break the waves of the sea and create a smooth shelter.
The cleansing of the bottom of a vessel by fire and scarping.
A partition. They are used to divide the vessel into watertight compartments.
A parapet round the deck of a vessel to protect persons or goods from being washed overboard, and the decks from the sea.
An anchored float serving as a navigation mark, to show reefs or other hazards, or for mooring.
That capacity of floating lightly which a vessel should possess.
The rope or chain by which a ship’s anchor is held.
A cooking house on the deck of a ship(an old term)
A small Levantine vessel or fishing boat of the eastern Mediterranean.
A slightly convex or arched shape of a main deck of a vessel.
Can Buoy :
A bouy showing a flat top above water.
“The worm which adheres to and gnaws the bottom of a ship.”
To turn it completely over in the water, as it might be if caught on the head of a breaker, or in smooth water, if those in it insist in sitting or on one side.
Capsizing refers to when a boat or ship is tipped over until disabled.
A revolving cylinder with a vertical axis used for winding a rope or cable, powered by a motor or pushed around by levers.
Cardinal Points :
Due north, west, east, and south. So called because they are the points on which the intermediate ones, such as N.E., N.W., N.N.E., etc., hinge or hang.
A method of boat building in which the strakes are flush one with another and present a smooth surface.
The operation performed upon wooden vessels to prevent leakage, and assist in fixing the whole frame of the hull.
Roughly speaking, a map of the sea bottom and coast projections, for the use of navigators.
Charter Party :
A contract in mercantile law between the owner of a ship and one who hires part or the whole of it under specified conditions.
Cleat, kevel, or cavil :
A species of hook, usually of two arms, fastened to the deck or any other suitable and convenient part of a boat, around which sheets, halyards, springs, etc , may be wound without being knotted.
Drifting with the tide with an anchor down; a vessel clubbing will therefore be taken stern first.
A raised edge or planking round a hatchway or the well of a hatch.
An instrument containing a magnetized pointer that shows the direction of magnetic north and bearings from it.
A light crane on a ship’s sides for lowering and lifting boats.
A structure of planks or plates, approximately horizontal, extending across a ship or boat at any of various levels, esp. one of those at the highest level and open to the weather.
Forsaken. The term applies to ships from which the crews have been withdrawn and in which no domestic animal is left.
A crane consisting mainly of one large beam, the foot of which rests either upon the grounds or at the lower portion of a mast.
A flat Arab vessel or canoe.
The weight of water displaced by any vessel.
An artificially constructed basin for the reception of vessels. It may be either a wet dock, in which ships are unloaded, or a dry dock, in which they are either built or repaired.
The name sometimes given to those posts, more usually called bollards, on a quay or pier to which hawsers may be fastened.
The draught of a vessel, or, in other words, the depth of water she draws, is the vertical depth of the immersed part of her; that is, the distance of the lowest point of her keel from the surface of the water.
A dredge or dredger is a machine for clearing or deepening rivers, canals, etc.
to drift is to be carried with a stream or current, and with a vessel it implies that she is not under control.
Dunnage. ( at sea) :
Pieces of wood, matting, or similar material used in stowing cargo in a ship’s hold.
A rope, sometimes a chain, by which a sail, flag, or yard is hoisted- hence the name -“haul yard.”
A swinging bed much used at sea.
A piece of navigable water communicating with a sea or river, having a roadstead, and protected from storms.
A barbed javelin used in spearing whales.
Hatch, hatchways :
A hatchway is an opening in the deck of a vessel through which cargo or persons may descend: it is covered by a movable frame or roof, called a hatch.
The hawse, with regard to a ship’s position at anchor, is, technically, that position of the water in front of her which extends from the ship herself to the point on the surface of the water directly above her anchor.
Progress forward or a’head.
To pull on a rope or cable with mechanical aid.
The helm is the steering apparatus of the ship.
The man at the helm, that is, who steers the vessel.
A stout broom, or brush, for scrapping boat’s bottom.
To elevate , to haul aloft, with or without the assistance of tackles.
The inner space of a vessel in which the cargo is stowed.
House Flag :
A square flag displaying the device and colours adopted by any mercantile shipping company.
Hull or hulk :
The hull is the body of a vessel, exclusive of her masts, etc. The word hulk is more generally applied to old vessels, or at least to those that are not sent to sea.
The term “Jack” is applied somewhat indiscriminately by sea-faring men to various spars, sails, ropes, etc. It would appear, speaking generally, to mean something small.
Jacob’s ladder :
A rope ladder having wooden rounds.
To jettison is to cast goods overboard, whether to lighten or get a vessel upon an even keel when aground, and thus aid in floating her again, or on the high seas-that she may ride more easily when in distress.
A small pier or landing place.
John Dory :
A well known fish. John Dore was a notorious French pirate.
A housing or case on the deck of such vessels as have lowering masts.
A purchase formed by the combination of a rope with two or more blocks.
A word properly used in commerce, very generally at sea. To agree with the account of another person, on comparison with one’s own, is to tally.
Pegs fitted into holes in a boat’s gunwale, and between which oars are placed while rowing.
Toggle and becket :
A toggle is a short piece of wood intended to pass through an eye at the end of a rope: it is grooved about the middle so that the rope may not slip off it. A becket is a small eye at the end of a rope, sometimes intended to hold a toggle, sometimes large enough for the toggle to pass through.
A large net attached to a heavy beam called the trawl-beam, used in bottom fishing.
To trench the ballast is so to place it that a passage or trench is left, in case it may be necessary to get at any part of the vessel.